Analysis of Brain SPECT Images Coregistered with MRI in Patients with Epilepsy

Comparison of Three Methods

Zaiyang Long, Dennis P. Hanson, Brian P. Mullan, Christopher Hunt, David R. Holmes III, Benjamin Brinkmann, Michael K. O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: SISCOM and STATISCOM were clinically proved to be effective for ictal/inter-ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) analysis coregistered with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for seizure localization. Recently, a software package also became available for this analysis. This study aimed to investigate and compare the performance of these analysis methods for seizure localization. METHODS: A total of 378 patients who underwent 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT scans were retrospectively reviewed and 28 remained after applying exclusion criteria. Their SPECT and MRI images were analyzed with SISCOM (with z-score of 1.5 and 2), STATISCOM, and MIMneuro, resulting in a total of 112 image data sets. Two experienced radiologists participated in the blind review process using a custom tool and they can mark up to two hyper- and/or hypoperfusion regions. Their review results were analyzed using the Jackknife Free Response Receiver-Operating Characteristics (JAFROC) test and the JAFROC figure-of-merit (FoM) was reported for each method. The interobserver agreement was also assessed using Cohen's kappa test. RESULTS: Based on the readers' two choices, averaged FoM was 85.7%, 83.9%, 66.1%, and 51.8% for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. The average confidence rating was 2.5, 2.3, 1.6, and 1.1 for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. For interobserver agreement, kappa was .742 for STATISCOM, .816 for MIMneuro, .517 for SISCOM (z-score = 2), and .441 for SISCOM (z-score = 1.5; all P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that STATISCOM showed the best performance for seizure localization, which was closely followed by MIMneuro. In addition, MIMneuro was not inferior to SISCOM with either z-score.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Epilepsy
Seizures
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
ROC Curve
Brain
Stroke
Software

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • MIMneuro
  • SISCOM
  • SPECT
  • STATISCOM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Analysis of Brain SPECT Images Coregistered with MRI in Patients with Epilepsy : Comparison of Three Methods. / Long, Zaiyang; Hanson, Dennis P.; Mullan, Brian P.; Hunt, Christopher; Holmes III, David R.; Brinkmann, Benjamin; O'Connor, Michael K.

In: Journal of Neuroimaging, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: SISCOM and STATISCOM were clinically proved to be effective for ictal/inter-ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) analysis coregistered with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for seizure localization. Recently, a software package also became available for this analysis. This study aimed to investigate and compare the performance of these analysis methods for seizure localization. METHODS: A total of 378 patients who underwent 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT scans were retrospectively reviewed and 28 remained after applying exclusion criteria. Their SPECT and MRI images were analyzed with SISCOM (with z-score of 1.5 and 2), STATISCOM, and MIMneuro, resulting in a total of 112 image data sets. Two experienced radiologists participated in the blind review process using a custom tool and they can mark up to two hyper- and/or hypoperfusion regions. Their review results were analyzed using the Jackknife Free Response Receiver-Operating Characteristics (JAFROC) test and the JAFROC figure-of-merit (FoM) was reported for each method. The interobserver agreement was also assessed using Cohen's kappa test. RESULTS: Based on the readers' two choices, averaged FoM was 85.7{\%}, 83.9{\%}, 66.1{\%}, and 51.8{\%} for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. The average confidence rating was 2.5, 2.3, 1.6, and 1.1 for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. For interobserver agreement, kappa was .742 for STATISCOM, .816 for MIMneuro, .517 for SISCOM (z-score = 2), and .441 for SISCOM (z-score = 1.5; all P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that STATISCOM showed the best performance for seizure localization, which was closely followed by MIMneuro. In addition, MIMneuro was not inferior to SISCOM with either z-score.",
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AU - Long, Zaiyang

AU - Hanson, Dennis P.

AU - Mullan, Brian P.

AU - Hunt, Christopher

AU - Holmes III, David R.

AU - Brinkmann, Benjamin

AU - O'Connor, Michael K.

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N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: SISCOM and STATISCOM were clinically proved to be effective for ictal/inter-ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) analysis coregistered with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for seizure localization. Recently, a software package also became available for this analysis. This study aimed to investigate and compare the performance of these analysis methods for seizure localization. METHODS: A total of 378 patients who underwent 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT scans were retrospectively reviewed and 28 remained after applying exclusion criteria. Their SPECT and MRI images were analyzed with SISCOM (with z-score of 1.5 and 2), STATISCOM, and MIMneuro, resulting in a total of 112 image data sets. Two experienced radiologists participated in the blind review process using a custom tool and they can mark up to two hyper- and/or hypoperfusion regions. Their review results were analyzed using the Jackknife Free Response Receiver-Operating Characteristics (JAFROC) test and the JAFROC figure-of-merit (FoM) was reported for each method. The interobserver agreement was also assessed using Cohen's kappa test. RESULTS: Based on the readers' two choices, averaged FoM was 85.7%, 83.9%, 66.1%, and 51.8% for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. The average confidence rating was 2.5, 2.3, 1.6, and 1.1 for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. For interobserver agreement, kappa was .742 for STATISCOM, .816 for MIMneuro, .517 for SISCOM (z-score = 2), and .441 for SISCOM (z-score = 1.5; all P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that STATISCOM showed the best performance for seizure localization, which was closely followed by MIMneuro. In addition, MIMneuro was not inferior to SISCOM with either z-score.

AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: SISCOM and STATISCOM were clinically proved to be effective for ictal/inter-ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) analysis coregistered with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for seizure localization. Recently, a software package also became available for this analysis. This study aimed to investigate and compare the performance of these analysis methods for seizure localization. METHODS: A total of 378 patients who underwent 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT scans were retrospectively reviewed and 28 remained after applying exclusion criteria. Their SPECT and MRI images were analyzed with SISCOM (with z-score of 1.5 and 2), STATISCOM, and MIMneuro, resulting in a total of 112 image data sets. Two experienced radiologists participated in the blind review process using a custom tool and they can mark up to two hyper- and/or hypoperfusion regions. Their review results were analyzed using the Jackknife Free Response Receiver-Operating Characteristics (JAFROC) test and the JAFROC figure-of-merit (FoM) was reported for each method. The interobserver agreement was also assessed using Cohen's kappa test. RESULTS: Based on the readers' two choices, averaged FoM was 85.7%, 83.9%, 66.1%, and 51.8% for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. The average confidence rating was 2.5, 2.3, 1.6, and 1.1 for STATISCOM, MIMneuro, SISCOM (z-score = 2), and SISCOM (z-score = 1.5), respectively. For interobserver agreement, kappa was .742 for STATISCOM, .816 for MIMneuro, .517 for SISCOM (z-score = 2), and .441 for SISCOM (z-score = 1.5; all P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that STATISCOM showed the best performance for seizure localization, which was closely followed by MIMneuro. In addition, MIMneuro was not inferior to SISCOM with either z-score.

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