Objective: To identify putative genetic loci related to the risk of late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD). Design: Linkage analysis and family-based and casecontrol association analyses from a genomewide scan using approximately 6000 single-nucleotide polymorphic markers at an average intermarker distance of 0.65 cM. Setting: The National Institute on Aging Genetics Initiative for Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease (NIA-LOAD) was created to expand the resources for studies to identify additional genes contributing to the risk for LOAD. Participants:Weinvestigated 1902 individuals from 328 families with LOAD and 236 unrelated control subjects. Main Outcome Measures: Clinical diagnosis of LOAD. Results: Thestrongest overall finding was atchromosome 19q13.32,confirming the effect of the apolipoprotein E gene on LOAD risk in the family-based and case-control analyses. However, single-nucleotide polymorphisms at the following loci were also statistically significant in 1 or more of the analyses performed: 7p22.2, 7p21.3, and 16q21 in the linkage analyses;17q21.31and22q11. 21inthefamily-based association analysis; and 7q31.1 and 22q12.3 in the case-control analysis. Positive associations at 7q31.1 and 20q13.33 were also significant in the meta-analysis results in a publicly available database. Conclusions: Several additional loci may harbor genetic variants associated with LOAD. This data set provides a wealth of phenotypic and genotypic information for use as a resource in discovery and confirmatory research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Clinical Neurology