Anaesthetic management during intracranial mechanical thrombectomy: Systematic review and meta-analysis of current data

Guillaume Gravel, Grégoire Boulouis, Wagih Benhassen, Christine Rodriguez-Regent, Denis Trystram, Myriam Edjlali-Goujon, Jean François Meder, Catherine Oppenheim, Serge Bracard, Waleed Brinjikji, Olivier N. Naggara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Our aim was to compare the clinical outcome of patients with ischaemic stroke with anterior large vessel occlusion treated with stent retrievers and/or contact aspiration mechanical thrombectomy (MT) under general anaesthesia (GA) or conscious sedation non-GA through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods The literature was searched using PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases to identify studies reporting on anaesthesia and MT. Using fixed or random weighted effect, we evaluated the following outcomes: 3-month mortality, modified Rankin Score (mRs) 0-2, recanalisation success (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) ≥2b) and symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhagic (sICH) transformation. Results We identified seven cohorts (including three dedicated randomised controlled trials), totalling 1929 patients (932 with GA). Over the entire sample, mortality, mRs 0-2, TICI≥2b and sICH rates were, respectively 17.5% (99% CI 9.7% to 29.6%; Q-value: 60.1; I 2: 93%, 1717 patients), 42.1% (99% CI 33.3% to 51.7%; Q-value: 41.3; I 2: 87.9%), 82.9% (99% CI 74.0% to 89.1%; Q-value: 20.7; I 2: 80.6%, 1006 patients) and 5.5% (99% CI 2.8% to 10.8%; Q-value: 18.6; I 2: 78.5%). MT performed in non-GA patients was associated with better 3-month functional outcome (pooled OR, 1.35; 99% CI 1.04 to 1.76; Q-value: 24.0; I 2: 9.2%, 1845 patients) and lower 3-month mortality rate (pooled OR, 0.70; 99% CI 0.49 to 0.98; Q-value: 1.4; I 2: 0%, 1717 patients; fixed weighted effect model) compared with GA. MT performed under conscious sedation non-GA had significantly shorter onset-to-recanalisation and onset-to-groin delay compared with GA, and recanalisation success and sICH were similar. Conclusion Non-GA during MT for anterior acute ischaemic stroke with current-generation stent retriever/aspiration devices is associated with better 3-month functional outcome and lower mortality rates. These unadjusted estimates are subject to biases and should be interpreted with caution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-74
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • anesthesiology
  • meta analysis
  • outcome
  • stroke care
  • thrombectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Anaesthetic management during intracranial mechanical thrombectomy: Systematic review and meta-analysis of current data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this