Anaemia following initiation of androgen deprivation therapy for metastatic prostate cancer: A retrospective chart review

Kelly K. Curtis, Terrence J. Adam, Shu Chuan Chen, Rajiv K. Pruthi, Michael K. Gornet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Haemoglobin levels often decline into the anaemic range with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). We conducted a chart review of patients receiving ADT for metastatic prostate cancer to assess anaemia-related symptoms. Methods. 135 stage IV prostate cancer cases were reviewed for treatment type; haemoglobin values before and after treatment; and symptoms of anaemia. Mean haemoglobin levels before and after for all treatment forms, for leuprolide alone, and for combination leuprolide/bicalutamide were calculated and evaluated for significant differences. The numbers of patients developing symptoms were recorded and the effects of specific therapies evaluated. Results. For all ADT treated patients, mean haemoglobin declined by -1.11g/dL (p.0001). Leuprolide-alone treated patients had a mean decline of -1.66g/dL (p0.0001). Leuprolide and bicalutamide combination treatment caused a mean decline of -0.78g/dL (p=0.0426). 16 of 43 patients had anemia symptoms. Contingency analysis with Fisher's exact test shows patients receiving leuprolide therapy alone versus other forms of ADT were significantly less likely to have symptoms (2=0.0190). Conclusions. The present study confirms that ADT results in a significant drop in haemoglobin levels into the anaemic range. A number of patients become symptomatic from this change. Practitioners should monitor haemoglobin levels, and treat symptomatic patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalAging Male
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Anaemia
  • Androgen deprivation therapy
  • Metastatic prostate cancer
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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