Ligand receptor complexes play a central role in mediating a range of processes in immunology and cancer biology. The ability to directly quantify the fraction of receptors occupied by a ligand in a given biospecimen, as opposed to assessing the concentration of ligand and receptor separately, could provide an additional and valuable clinical and research tool for assessing whether receptors are occupied by a ligand. To address this need, a biomarker platform was developed to quantify the fraction of receptors occupied by a ligand using pairs of RNA aptamers, where one aptamer binds preferentially to the unoccupied receptor and the other to the ligand-receptor complex. Bound aptamer was quantified using RT-qPCR colorimetric probes specific for each aptamer. The binding ratio of aptamer correlated with the fraction of receptors occupied by a ligand. This assay, termed as LIRECAP (LIgand-REceptor Complex-binding APtamer) assay, was used to determine the fraction of soluble CD25 occupied by IL2 in the serum from subjects with B-cell lymphoma. No correlation was found between the type of lymphoma and total soluble CD25 or IL2 independently. In contrast, the fraction of soluble CD25 occupied by IL2 was significantly higher in follicular lymphoma patient serum compared with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patient serum. We conclude that this technology has the potential to serve as a highthroughput biomarker platform to quantify the fraction of receptors occupied by a ligand.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research