An optimized method for the chemiluminescent detection of alkaline phosphatase levels during osteodifferentiation by bone morphogenetic protein 2

Jeremy S. Blum, Rebecca H. Li, Antonios G. Mikos, Michael A. Barry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into osteoblasts is a pivotal step during the normal development and repair of bone. Upregulation of endogenous cellular alkaline phosphatase activity (AP) is a commonly used intracellular marker for the assessment of osteoprogenitor cell differentiation into the osteoblastic phenotype. Current methods for assaying AP involve colorimetric detection of the enzyme's activity using the synthetic substrate ρ-nitrophenol phosphate. In this paper, we explored an alternative method of detecting AP using the chemiluminescent substrate disodium 3-(4-methoxyspiro{1,2-dioxetane-3,2′-(5′-chloro)tricy clo[3.3.1.13,7]decan}-4-yl) phenyl phosphate (CSPD) for enhanced AP sensitivity and a more simplified assay. Using calf intestinal alkaline phosphatase as a standardizing enzyme, we determined that the chemiluminescent detection system was four orders of magnitude more sensitive than the standard colorimetric method of detection. Moreover, the chemiluminescent assay was faster and markedly simpler to perform. To maximize the utility of this assay system, two osteoprogenitor cell lines were compared for their ability to generate alkaline phosphatases in vitro when exposed to recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2). The W20-17 cell line was substantially more sensitive to rhBMP-2 than the C3H10T1/2 cell line, where each cell line produced detectable increases in AP after exposure to rhBMP-2 levels of 5 and 25 ng/ml, respectively. The experimental design for AP responsiveness to rhBMP-2 was further optimized for chemiluminescent detection with the W20-17 cell line by comparing the effects of reporter cell seeding density and the day of assay. In summary, the data presented in this paper demonstrate a faster, simpler, and more sensitive chemiluminescent method to monitor changes in AP levels during osteodifferentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-537
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cellular biochemistry
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2001

Keywords

  • Alkaline phosphatase activity
  • BMP-2
  • Bone formation
  • C3H10T1/2
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteoblastic differentiation
  • Osteoprogenitor cells
  • W20-17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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