An in vitro rabbit retina model to study electrophysiologic and metabolic function during and following ischemia

Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Adelbert Ames, Junaid Y. Malek, Kenneth I. Maynard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Most in vitro studies involving neuronal ischemia use biochemical measures and/or cell counting to assess cellular death. We describe an in vitro rabbit retina model in which we measured glucose utilization, lactate production, and light-evoked compound action potentials (CAPs) to assess metabolic and functional recovery following ischemia. Under control conditions, retinal glucose utilization and lactate production (n=7), as well as CAPs (n=8) remained quite constant for 6-8 h. During ischemia (glucose reduced from 6 to 1 mM and oxygen from 95 to 15%), glucose utilization and lactate production fell to 50%. CAPs fell to 50% in 3-4 min, and to 0% in 8-10 min. Recovery during 3-4 h of 'return-to-control' was dependent upon the length of ischemia. Glucose utilization recovered to 63% after 1 h (n=4) and to 18% after 2 h of ischemia (n=6, P<0.001). Lactate production recovered to 77% after 1 h (n=4) and to 54% after 2 h of ischemia (n=6, P<0.001). CAPs returned to 51, 15, and 0.13% of the control responses after 0.5 h (n=7), 1 h (n=8), and 2 h (n=5) of ischemia, respectively (P<0.001). This avascular, blood-brain barrier-free preparation provides an opportunity to use both metabolic and functional criteria to test protection against neuronal ischemia. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 15 1999



  • Compound action potentials
  • Electrophysiology
  • Energy metabolism
  • Glucose deprivation
  • Neuroprotection
  • Oxygen deprivation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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