An association study of a functional catalase gene polymorphism, -262C→T, and patients with Alzheimer's disease

Antonis Goulas, Liana Fidani, Alexandros Kotsis, Vassiliki Mirtsou, Ronald C. Petersen, Eric Tangalos, John Hardy

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Abstract

According to the oxidative stress hypothesis which has been proposed as one of a number of possible mechanisms underlying pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in the brain of affected individuals, due to overproduction and/or insufficient detoxification, can trigger a cascade of neurotoxic events, thus contributing to the neuronal damage characteristic of the disease. The upregulation of enzymes that are able to neutralize hydrogen peroxide (catalase, peroxidases) would then be conceivably able to offer at least some protection from the damaging effects of this agent. In this study we examined the distribution of a functional polymorphism in the gene for catalase, -262C→T, in an independent population of 137 AD patients and 130 control individuals. The presence of the polymorphism, which results in the elimination of a SmaI restriction site, was tested with a PCR amplification/SmaI digestion-based assay. No significant difference has emerged from the comparison of either genotype or allele frequencies (P>0.5). We conclude that the catalase gene -262C→T polymorphism does not confer a protective effect with respect to AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-212
Number of pages3
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume330
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2002

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Catalase
  • Genetics
  • Oxidative stress
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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