An assessment of the incremental value of the ABCD2 score in the emergency department evaluation of transient ischemic attack

Latha G. Stead, Smitha Suravaram, M. Fernanda Bellolio, Sailaja Enduri, Alejandro Rabinstein, Rachel M. Gilmore, Anjali Bhagra, Veena Manivannan, Wyatt W. Decker

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Abstract

Study objective We study the incremental value of the ABCD2 score in predicting short-term risk of ischemic stroke after thorough emergency department (ED) evaluation of transient ischemic attack. Methods This was a prospective observational study of consecutive patients presenting to the ED with a transient ischemic attack. Patients underwent a full ED evaluation, including central nervous system and carotid artery imaging, after which ABCD2 scores and risk category were assigned. We evaluated correlations between risk categories and occurrence of subsequent ischemic stroke at 7 and 90 days. Results The cohort consisted of 637 patients (47% women; mean age 73 years; SD 13 years). There were 15 strokes within 90 days after the index transient ischemic attack. At 7 days, the rate of stroke according to ABCD2 category in our cohort was 1.1% in the low-risk group, 0.3% in the intermediate-risk group, and 2.7% in the high-risk group. At 90 days, the rate of stroke in our ED cohort was 2.1% in the low-risk group, 2.1% in the intermediate-risk group, and 3.6% in the high-risk group. There was no relationship between ABCD2 score at presentation and subsequent stroke after transient ischemic attack at 7 or 90 days. Conclusion The ABCD2 score did not add incremental value beyond an ED evaluation that includes central nervous system and carotid artery imaging in the ability to risk-stratify patients with transient ischemic attack in our cohort. Practice approaches that include brain and carotid artery imaging do not benefit by the incremental addition of the ABCD2 score. In this population of transient ischemic attack patients, selected by emergency physicians for a rapid ED-based outpatient protocol that included early carotid imaging and treatment when appropriate, the rate of stroke was independent of ABCD2 stratification.Physicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of emergency medicine
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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