An alternatively spliced form of rodent α-synuclein forms intracellular inclusions in vitro

Role of the carboxy-terminus in α-synuclein aggregation

Pamela J McLean, Bradley T. Hyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the rat, the α-synuclein gene is alternatively spliced and exists in three forms, rat synuclein 1 (rSYN1), synuclein 2 (rSYN2) and synuclein 3. rSYN2 cDNA encodes a 149 amino acid protein that is homologous to rSYN1 and human α-synuclein for the first 100 amino acids, but is divergent for the 49 amino acid carboxy-terminal region. We demonstrate here that rSYN2 forms small aggregates throughout the cytoplasm when overexpressed in human H4 cells, whereas rSYN1 expression is diffuse. Inhibition of the proteasome promotes the formation of larger, cytoplasmic rSYN2 inclusions in transfected cells. Although a survey of the available databases suggests that there is no human splice form equivalent of rSYN2, thus arguing against a direct role in Lewy body formation and Parkinson's disease, these data nonetheless suggest that modifications of the carboxy-terminal region of α-synuclein predispose it to inclusion formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-223
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume323
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Synucleins
Rodentia
Amino Acids
In Vitro Techniques
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Parkinson Disease
Cytoplasm
Complementary DNA
Databases

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Carboxy-terminus
  • Lewy body
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Proteasome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "In the rat, the α-synuclein gene is alternatively spliced and exists in three forms, rat synuclein 1 (rSYN1), synuclein 2 (rSYN2) and synuclein 3. rSYN2 cDNA encodes a 149 amino acid protein that is homologous to rSYN1 and human α-synuclein for the first 100 amino acids, but is divergent for the 49 amino acid carboxy-terminal region. We demonstrate here that rSYN2 forms small aggregates throughout the cytoplasm when overexpressed in human H4 cells, whereas rSYN1 expression is diffuse. Inhibition of the proteasome promotes the formation of larger, cytoplasmic rSYN2 inclusions in transfected cells. Although a survey of the available databases suggests that there is no human splice form equivalent of rSYN2, thus arguing against a direct role in Lewy body formation and Parkinson's disease, these data nonetheless suggest that modifications of the carboxy-terminal region of α-synuclein predispose it to inclusion formation.",
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AU - Hyman, Bradley T.

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N2 - In the rat, the α-synuclein gene is alternatively spliced and exists in three forms, rat synuclein 1 (rSYN1), synuclein 2 (rSYN2) and synuclein 3. rSYN2 cDNA encodes a 149 amino acid protein that is homologous to rSYN1 and human α-synuclein for the first 100 amino acids, but is divergent for the 49 amino acid carboxy-terminal region. We demonstrate here that rSYN2 forms small aggregates throughout the cytoplasm when overexpressed in human H4 cells, whereas rSYN1 expression is diffuse. Inhibition of the proteasome promotes the formation of larger, cytoplasmic rSYN2 inclusions in transfected cells. Although a survey of the available databases suggests that there is no human splice form equivalent of rSYN2, thus arguing against a direct role in Lewy body formation and Parkinson's disease, these data nonetheless suggest that modifications of the carboxy-terminal region of α-synuclein predispose it to inclusion formation.

AB - In the rat, the α-synuclein gene is alternatively spliced and exists in three forms, rat synuclein 1 (rSYN1), synuclein 2 (rSYN2) and synuclein 3. rSYN2 cDNA encodes a 149 amino acid protein that is homologous to rSYN1 and human α-synuclein for the first 100 amino acids, but is divergent for the 49 amino acid carboxy-terminal region. We demonstrate here that rSYN2 forms small aggregates throughout the cytoplasm when overexpressed in human H4 cells, whereas rSYN1 expression is diffuse. Inhibition of the proteasome promotes the formation of larger, cytoplasmic rSYN2 inclusions in transfected cells. Although a survey of the available databases suggests that there is no human splice form equivalent of rSYN2, thus arguing against a direct role in Lewy body formation and Parkinson's disease, these data nonetheless suggest that modifications of the carboxy-terminal region of α-synuclein predispose it to inclusion formation.

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