Background: The purpose of the study was to describe the computed tomographic (CT) findings of the alimentary canal and mesentery in amyloid infiltration of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and to correlate the CT findings with histologic extent and distribution and with amyloid subtype. Methods: Abdominal CT scans performed between 1988 and 1997 on patients with pathologically proven amyloidosis of the alimentary canal were reviewed for abnormalities of the alimentary canal and mesentery. Histology was graded for extent of mucosal, submucosal, and muscularis propria involvement and for degree of interstitial and vascular distribution. CT findings were correlated with histologic extent, histologic distribution, and amyloid histochemical type. Results: Twenty-three patients were included. Four (17%) had bowel wall thickening, which was associated with a higher submucosal extent and interstitial distribution than in patients with normal bowel by CT. Four (17%) patients had bowel wall dilatation without thickening, which was not associated with statistically significantly different histology than in patients with normal bowel by CT. There was no statistically significant correlation between CT findings and histochemical subtype. Mesenteric soft tissue infiltration was seen in two patients, and mesenteric adenopathy was seen in one patient. Conclusions: Normal bowel is a common abdominal CT finding in amyloidosis of the alimentary canal. When findings are present, GI wall thickening and/or bowel wall dilatation without wall thickening may be seen. Bowel wall thickening on CT correlates with submucosal extent and interstitial distribution of disease. Soft tissue infiltration and adenopathy are also occasionally seen.
- Diseases- Abdomen
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging