Amiloride-sensitive actions of an a-adrenoceptor agonist and ouabain in rat atria

Andre Terzic, Stephen M. Vogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of amiloride, a known blocker of Na/H exchange, on the positive inotropic action of α-adrenoceptor stimulation was investigated in isolated rat left atria. Amiloride (300 μm) rapidly (within 10 min) and reversibly abolished the positive inotropic effect of phenylephrine (10 μm; 3 μm propranolol present). Lower concentrations of amiloride inhibited the increase in contractile force caused by phenylephrine in a concentration dependent manner (IC50 of 50 μm). At a concentration of 50 μm, amiloride caused a rightward and downward shift in the concentration-response curve to phenylephrine. Amiloride (10 to 300 μm) affected to only a small extent the increased contractile force in the presence of inotropic interventions known to increase Ca2+ influx via L-type calcium channels (Bay K 8644) and the Na/Ca exchanger (reduced extracellular Na+). To provide evidence that amiloride inhibits the Na/H antiporter intact atria, a contracture that depends on Na+ influx by the Na/H antiporter was examined. Amiloride fully relaxed the contracture induced by ouabain (1 mm) or potassium-free solutions in the identical concentration range over which amiloride inhibited the positive inotropic effect of phenylephrine. Phenylephrine increased the rate of development and the peak amplitude of the amiloride-sensitive contracture (ouabain-induced). The inhibitory action of amiloride on the positive inotropic response to phenylephrine may, in part, be the result of inhibition of the Na/Hantiporter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-402
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1990

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Keywords

  • Amiloride
  • Bay K 8644
  • Contracture
  • Ouabain
  • Phenylephrine
  • Positive inotropic agents
  • Prazosin
  • Rat atria
  • Reduced extracellular sodium
  • α-Adrenoceptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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