Altitude-related illnesses

David L. Klocke, Wyatt W. Decker, Jan Stepanek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Altitude-related illnesses are a frequent cause of morbidity and occasional mortality in travelers to high altitudes in the United States and throughout the world. The primary altitude illnesses are acute mountain sickness, high-altitude pulmonary edema, and high-altitude cerebral edema. The pathogenesis of these syndromes remains unclear despite considerable research. Altitude also has potential deleterious effects on common medical conditions including coronary artery disease, pulmonary disease, hemoglobinopathies, and pregnancy. Most of these problems are primarily preventable with appropriate information before travel. Education should include information about rate of ascent, diet, alcohol intake, physical activity, and preventive medications, including acetazolamide, nifedipine, and dexamethasone in selected circumstances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)988-993
Number of pages6
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume73
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Altitude Sickness
Hemoglobinopathies
Acetazolamide
Brain Edema
Pulmonary Edema
Nifedipine
Dexamethasone
Lung Diseases
Coronary Artery Disease
Alcohols
Diet
Morbidity
Education
Pregnancy
Mortality
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Klocke, D. L., Decker, W. W., & Stepanek, J. (1998). Altitude-related illnesses. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 73(10), 988-993.

Altitude-related illnesses. / Klocke, David L.; Decker, Wyatt W.; Stepanek, Jan.

In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. 73, No. 10, 1998, p. 988-993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klocke, DL, Decker, WW & Stepanek, J 1998, 'Altitude-related illnesses', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 988-993.
Klocke DL, Decker WW, Stepanek J. Altitude-related illnesses. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 1998;73(10):988-993.
Klocke, David L. ; Decker, Wyatt W. ; Stepanek, Jan. / Altitude-related illnesses. In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 1998 ; Vol. 73, No. 10. pp. 988-993.
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