Platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa is a component of a receptor for the adhesive proteins fibrinogen, fibronectin, and von Willebrand factor. GPIIb is initially synthesized as a single-chain polypeptide that is proteolytically processed to yield the two chains of mature GPIIb present on the cell surface. Analysis of the amino acid sequence surrounding the proposed light-heavy chain junction of GPIIb suggests a second potential site following a pair of basic residues 12-15 residues upstream from the reported amino terminus of the light chain. We have utilized anti-peptide antibodies to examine the possibility of alternative cleavage at these two potential sites. Peptide V43 precedes the dibasic sequence and is known to reside in the heavy chain. Peptide V41 contains the sequence between the two potential sites. In immunoblots, anti-V43 reacted only with the heavy chain while anti-V41 reacted only with the light chain. Immunoprecipitation of surface-labeled platelets indicated 97% of the GPIIb light chain contains the V41 sequence while approximately 3% of GPIIb molecules lack the V41 sequence on both the light and heavy chains. These data indicate that GPIIb is primarily cleaved 12-15 amino acids upstream from the reported amino terminus of the light chain while in a minor proportion of GPIIb molecules cleavage occurs at both sites.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology