Altered sensitivity to single-strand-specific reagents associated with the genomic vascular smooth muscle α-actin promoter during myofibroblast differentiation

Nicole A. Becker, Robert J. Kelm, Julie A. Vrana, Michael J. Getz, L. James Maher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stimulation of quiescent AKR-2B mouse fibroblasts with transforming growth factor β1 results in uniform conversion to a myofibroblast-like phenotype as judged by a rapid accumulation of smooth muscle α-actin mRNA and protein. Because transcriptional regulation of the smooth muscle α-actin gene in these cells might be mediated by single-stranded DNA-binding proteins, we have examined the sensitivity of genomic DNA to chemical reagents with specificity for unpaired bases in a region of the promoter previously implicated in Purα, Purβ, and MSY1 binding in vitro (Kelm, R. J., Jr., Cogan, J. G., Elder, P. K., Strauch, A. R., and Getz, M. J. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 14238-14245). Our data reveal specific differences between purified DNA treated in vitro and nucleoprotein complexes treated in living cells. Although some differences were observed in quiescent cells, treatment with transforming growth factor β1 resulted in the development of additional sensitivity within 1 h. This enhancement was most pronounced in bases immediately upstream of an MCAT enhancer element-containing polypurine- polypyrimidine tract. A TATA-proximal element of similar base distribution showed no such hyperreactivities. These results suggest that activation of the endogenous smooth muscle α-actin gene during myofibroblast conversion is accompanied by specific structural changes in the promoter that are consistent with a decline in single-stranded DNA repressor protein binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15384-15391
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 19 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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