Altered diurnal regulation of blood ionized calcium and serum parathyroid hormone concentrations during parenteral nutrition

William G. Goodman, Sudipta Misra, Johannes D. Veldhuis, Anthony A. Portale, He Jing Wang, Marvin E. Ament, Isidro B. Salusky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Little is known about parathyroid gland function in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Objective: Our objective was to determine whether parathyroid gland function is abnormal in TPN recipients. Design: Six patients with a mean (± 1 SD) age of 45.5 ± 8.0 y who had been receiving TPN for 18.7 ± 2.8 y underwent bone biopsy, bone mass measurements with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and dynamic tests of parathyroid gland function. Diurnal variations in blood ionized calcium (iCa2+) and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations were also assessed. Results were compared with those of healthy volunteers. Results: Bone mass and bone formation were subnormal in all patients. Basal serum PTH concentrations were moderately higher in the TPN recipients than in healthy volunteers, and values obtained every 30 min over 24 h were significantly higher (P < 0.001) in TPN recipients (5.0 ± 0.9 pmol/L) than in healthy volunteers (2.6 ± 0.6 pmol/L). The percentage increase in serum PTH during citrate-induced hypocalcemia was lower in the TPN recipients, consistent with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Evening infusions of calcium-containing TPN eliminated the nocturnal rise in serum PTH, increased the amplitude of change for iCa2+ and PTH over 24 h, increased the orderliness of change for iCa2+ and PTH as measured by approximate entropy (ApEn), and enhanced the synchrony of change between iCa2+ and PTH. Treatment for 10 d with calcium-free TPN restored the nocturnal rise in serum PTH and increased ApEn for PTH. ApEn for iCa2+ remained low, suggesting that a component of nutrient solutions, but not calcium per se, enhances the regularity of PTH release in TPN recipients. Conclusion: Parathyroid gland function is abnormal in long-term TPN recipients, which may contribute to disturbances in bone metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-568
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2000

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Blood ionized calcium
  • Bone biopsy
  • Bone mass
  • Diurnal variation
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Metabolic bone disease
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • TPN
  • Total parenteral nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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