Alterations in levels of 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine and 8-Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 during a current episode and after remission in unipolar and bipolar depression

Deniz Ceylan, Selda Yılmaz, Gamze Tuna, Melis Kant, Ayşe Er, Ayşegül Ildız, Burcu Verim, Merve Akış, Pınar Akan, Hüray İşlekel, Marin Veldic, Mark Frye, Ayşegül Özerdem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies showed significant increases in DNA base damage markers and significant alterations in base excision repair enzymes in patients with unipolar and bipolar depression. We aimed to investigate changes in urine 8-Oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) and gene expression levels of 8-Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) during a current depressive episode and after remission in bipolar and unipolar disorders. Methods: Twenty-four acutely depressed bipolar (BD), 33 unipolar depression (UD) patients and 61 healthy controls were included in the study. Clinical evaluations, blood and urine sampling were completed at baseline and at remission after eight weeks. The urine 8-oxo-dG levels were assessed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and adjusted for urine creatinine levels. The gene expression levels of OGG1 were determined from cDNA extracted from blood samples, using real time-polymerase chain reaction. Results: At baseline, patients presented significantly higher levels of 8-oxo-dG (p = 0.008), and lower gene expression of OGG1 (p = 0.024) compared to controls. Levels of either 8-oxo-dG or OGG1 expression did not differ between BD and UD. In patients who remitted by the 8th week (n = 30), 8-oxo-dG decreased significantly (p = 0.001), and gene expression levels of OGG1 increased by 2.95 times compared to baseline levels (p = 0.001). All comparisons were adjusted for age, sex, smoking status and body mass index. Conclusion: Our results suggest that patients with bipolar and unipolar mood disorders present increased 8-oxo-dG and decreased gene expression levels of OGG1 in current depressive episodes, and that these changes might be reversed by the resolution of depressive symptoms. The causal relationship between DNA damage and repair requires further exploration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104600
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • 8-oxo-dG
  • Depression
  • DNA damage
  • DNA repair
  • OGG1
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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