alpha‐Methyldopa, alpha‐methyldopamine an alpha‐methylnoradrenaline: substrates for the thermolabile form of human platelet phenol sulphotransferase.

G. Mwaluko, R. Weinshilboum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

1 Sulphate conjugation catalyzed by phenol sulphotransferase (PST) is an important pathway in the catabolism of alpha‐methyldopa (MD). Variations in PST activity in an easily obtained tissue such as the human platelet might reflect individual differences in the sulphate conjugation of MD in other organs and tissues. There are at least two forms of human platelet PST, a thermolabile form for which dopamine is a substrate and a thermostable form for which low concentrations of phenol can serve as a substrate. 2 MD, alpha‐methyldopamine (MDA) and alpha‐methylnoradrenaline (MNA) were tested as substrates for human platelet PST. All three were substrates for the thermolabile form of the enzyme and none were substrates for the thermostable form of PST. Apparent Michaelis‐Menten (Km) values for MD, MDA and MNA were 5.5, 0.014 and 0.28 mM, respectively. Apparent Km values for 3'‐ phosphoadenosine‐5'‐phosphosulphate, the sulphate donor for the reaction, were 0.08, 0.13 and 0.10 microM, respectively, for the three catechol substrates. The pH optima for the reaction were 7.5 for MD and 6.5 for both MDA and MNA. 3 When platelet homogenates from 20 individual subjects were tested, there were significant correlations between PST activities measured with dopamine and those measured with MD, MDA and MNA (r = 0.54, 0.98 and 0.93, P less than 0.02, less than 0.001, and less than 0.001, respectively), but not between activities measured with low concentrations of phenol and those measured with MD, MDA and MNA (r = 0.021, 0.045 and 0.046, respectively). There results were also compatible with the conclusion that MD, MDA and MNA were substrates for the thermolabile form of platelet PST. 4 These observations will make it possible to test the hypothesis that variations in the activity of the thermolabile form of platelet PST may reflect individual differences in the sulphate conjugation of MD, MDA and MNA. 1982 The British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-239
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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