Background: A validated model for predicting 1-year outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) does not exist. TAVR-specific risk models may benefit from frailty markers, and sarcopenia may represent an objective frailty marker. This study assessed the predictive ability of sarcopenia and frailty markers on 1-year mortality after TAVR. Methods: We evaluated 470 patients undergoing TAVR at a single center. Frailty was assessed using four markers: gait speed, hand grip strength, serum albumin, and Katz activities of daily living. Sarcopenia was measured as the cross-sectional psoas muscle area on pre-TAVR computed tomography. Performance of four models incorporating The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality, frailty, or sarcopenia metrics, or both, for predicting 1-year mortality was assessed with area under the curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow statistics, and calibration plots. Results: A total of 63 deaths (13.4%) deaths occurred by 1 year. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality alone was poorly predictive of 1-year mortality (area under the curve, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.42 to 0.68). Only the model including sarcopenia and all frailty markers (area under the curve, 0.61; 95% confidence interval, 0.53 to 0.68) significantly improved predictive ability compared with The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality alone (p = 0.05). Albumin was the only frailty marker significantly associated with increased risk for 1-year mortality (p = 0.03). Psoas muscle area, as a surrogate for sarcopenia, was not significantly associated with increased risk for 1-year mortality. Conclusions: Most of the commonly used pre-TAVR risk assessments are poorly predictive of 1-year mortality. Albumin was the only frailty marker that was associated with higher mortality. Future studies should investigate whether optimization of nutritional status can improve outcomes after TAVR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine