Aging, depot origin, and preadipocyte gene expression

Mark J. Cartwright, Karen Schlauch, Marc E. Lenburg, Tamara Tchkonia, Tamar Pirtskhalava, Andrew Cartwright, Thomas Thomou, James L. Kirkland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fat distribution changes with aging. Inherent changes in fat cell progenitors may contribute because fat cells turn over throughout life. To define mechanisms, gene expression was profiled in preadipocytes cultured from epididymal and perirenal depots of young and old rats. 8.4% of probe sets differed significantly between depots, particularly developmental genes. Only 0.02% differed with aging, despite using less stringent criteria than for comparing depots. Twenty-five genes selected based on fold change with aging were analyzed in preadipocytes from additional young, middle-aged, and old animals by polymerase chain reaction. Thirteen changed significantly with aging, 13 among depots, and 9 with both. Genes involved in inflammation, stress, and differentiation changed with aging, as occurs in fat tissue. Age-related changes were greater in perirenal than epididymal preadipocytes, consistent with larger declines in replication and adipogenesis in perirenal preadipocytes. Thus, age-related changes in preadipocyte gene expression differ among depots, potentially contributing to fat redistribution and dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-251
Number of pages10
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume65 A
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Fat cell progenitor
  • Preadipocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Aging, depot origin, and preadipocyte gene expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Cartwright, M. J., Schlauch, K., Lenburg, M. E., Tchkonia, T., Pirtskhalava, T., Cartwright, A., Thomou, T., & Kirkland, J. L. (2010). Aging, depot origin, and preadipocyte gene expression. Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 65 A(3), 242-251. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glp213