Age-specific changes in the regulation of LH-dependent testosterone secretion: Assessing responsiveness to varying endogenous gonadotropin output in normal men

Peter Y. Liu, Paul Y. Takahashi, Pamela D. Roebuck, Ali Iranmanesh, Johannes D. Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulsatile and thus total testosterone (Te) secretion declines in older men, albeit for unknown reasons. Analytical models forecast that aging may reduce the capability of endogenous luteinizing hormone (LH) pulses to stimulate Leydig cell steroidogenesis. This notion has been difficult to test experimentally. The present study used graded doses of a selective gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)-receptor antagonist to yield four distinct strata of pulsatile LH release in each of 18 healthy men ages 23-72 yr. Deconvolution analysis was applied to frequently sampled LH and Te concentration time series to quantitate pulsatile Te secretion over a 16-h interval. Log-linear regression was used to relate pulsatile LH secretion to attendant pulsatile Te secretion (LH-Te drive) across the four stepwise interventions in each subject. Linear regression of the 18 individual estimates of LH-Te feedforward dose-response slopes on age disclosed a strongly negative relationship (r = -0.721, P < 0.001). Accordingly, the present data support the thesis that aging in healthy men attenuates amplitude-dependent LH drive of burst-like Te secretion. The experimental strategy of graded suppression of neuroglandular outflow may have utility in estimating dose-response adaptations in other endocrine systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R721-R728
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume289
Issue number3 58-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Androgen
  • Gonadotropin releasing hormone
  • Luteinizing hormone
  • Male
  • Secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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