Age at Strabismus Diagnosis in an Incidence Cohort of Children

Brian G. Mohney, Amy E. Greenberg, Nancy N. Diehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the age at diagnosis of children with esotropia, exotropia, and hypertropia. Design: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. Methods: The medical records of all Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents < 19 years diagnosed with esotropia, exotropia, or hypertropia from January 1, 1985 through December 31, 1994 were reviewed. Results: The median age at diagnosis of esotropia (n = 380), exotropia (n = 205), and hypertropia (n = 42) was 3.1 years, 7.2 years, and 6.1 years, respectively (P = .001). In the first six years of life, esotropia had the highest incidence and was more likely to occur than either exotropia or hypertropia; exotropia predominated between age seven and 12 years; and each form was similarly likely to occur between 13 and 18 years of age (P = .001). Conclusions: The age at diagnosis was significantly different for the various forms of strabismus in this population. Esotropia is the most common form in the first six years of life; beyond this age exotropia predominates until the teenage years when the three forms have a similar but decreased incidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-469
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume144
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

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Exotropia
Strabismus
Esotropia
Incidence
Population
Medical Records
Cohort Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Age at Strabismus Diagnosis in an Incidence Cohort of Children. / Mohney, Brian G.; Greenberg, Amy E.; Diehl, Nancy N.

In: American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 144, No. 3, 09.2007, p. 467-469.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohney, Brian G. ; Greenberg, Amy E. ; Diehl, Nancy N. / Age at Strabismus Diagnosis in an Incidence Cohort of Children. In: American Journal of Ophthalmology. 2007 ; Vol. 144, No. 3. pp. 467-469.
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