Background: There is conflicting data regarding the response to medical and surgical therapy for inflammatory bowel disease with respect to age at disease onset. Aim: To determine if the age at onset of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis is a risk factor for surgery for non-neoplastic bowel disease. Methods: This was a case-control study of patients evaluated between 1998 and 2001. Cases had undergone an initial operation for bowel disease. Controls were matched 1:1 for gender, disease subtype, date of first visit (±2 years), time from diagnosis prior to first visit (±3 years) and duration of follow-up. Association with age, disease extent, smoking history, medication use and co-morbidities vs. case/control status was assessed using multiple variable conditional logistic regression to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for undergoing surgery. Results: Among 132 Crohn's patients, older patients had lower odds for surgery (OR per 5 years, 0.86; 95% CI: 0.75-0.98). The rate of surgery for non-neoplastic bowel disease was not significantly associated with disease distribution, co-morbidities or cigarette smoking. Among 234 ulcerative colitis patients, the rate of surgery was unrelated to age, disease extent, co-morbidities or cigarette smoking, Conclusions: For Crohn's disease, but not ulcerative colitis, the risk of surgery for non-neoplastic bowel disease decreases with increasing age at diagnosis, irrespective of disease distribution and history of cigarette smoking.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)