Afferent limb syndrome and delayed GI problems after pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer: Single-center, 14-year experience

Rahul Pannala, John J. Brandabur, Seng Ian Gan, Michael Gluck, Shayan Irani, David J. Patterson, Andrew S. Ross, Russell Dorer, L. William Traverso, Vincent J. Picozzi, Richard A. Kozarek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There are limited data on the incidence of afferent limb syndrome and other delayed GI problems in pancreatic cancer (PaC) patients, especially among long-term survivors (>2 years). Objective: To evaluate the incidence of afferent limb syndrome (chronic afferent limb obstruction resulting in pancreatobiliary obstruction) and delayed GI problems in PaC patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: PaC patients treated with PD (N = 186) over a 14-year period (January 1995-October 2009). Interventions: Endoscopic balloon dilation and stent placement, percutaneous biliary drainage. Main Outcome Measurements: Incidence of afferent limb syndrome and delayed GI complications (marginal ulcers, radiation enteropathy, anastomotic strictures). Results: Mean age was 63 ± 10 years; 55% of patients were male. Afferent limb syndrome was noted in 24 patients (13%). Median time to diagnosis was 1.2 years (range 0.03-12.3 years); obstruction was primarily caused by recurrent PaC (8 patients, 33%) and radiation enteropathy (9 patients, 38%). Afferent limb syndrome was more likely to develop in patients with 2 years or longer of follow-up (n = 71, [38%]) compared with patients with 2 years or less of follow-up, after controlling for age, sex, surgery type, and adjuvant treatment (adjusted odds ratio, 4.5; 95% CI, 1.8-11.7). Other delayed GI problems included radiation enteropathy (6%), marginal ulcers (5%), anastomotic strictures (4%), cholangitis/liver abscesses (5%), and GI bleeding (6%). Limitations: Retrospective, single-center study. Conclusions: GI problems, including afferent limb syndrome, are relatively common in PaC patients after surgery and adjuvant therapy. Clinicians should recognize and effectively treat these delayed GI problems, especially in long-term survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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    Pannala, R., Brandabur, J. J., Gan, S. I., Gluck, M., Irani, S., Patterson, D. J., Ross, A. S., Dorer, R., Traverso, L. W., Picozzi, V. J., & Kozarek, R. A. (2011). Afferent limb syndrome and delayed GI problems after pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer: Single-center, 14-year experience. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 74(2), 295-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2011.04.029