Adverse effects of right ventricular pacing on cardiac function: prevalence, prevention and treatment with physiologic pacing

Tasneem Z. Naqvi, Chieh Ju Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Right ventricular (RV) pacing is the main treatment modality for patients with advanced atrioventricular (AV) block. Chronic RV pacing can cause cardiac systolic dysfunction and heart failure (HF). In this review, we discuss studies that have shown deleterious effects of chronic RV pacing on systolic cardiac function causing pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PiCM), heart failure (HF), HF hospitalization, atrial fibrillation (AF) and cardiac mortality. RV apical pacing is the most widely used and studied. Adverse effects of RV pacing appear to be directly related to pacing burden and are worse in patients with pre-existing left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Chronic RV pacing is also associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Mechanisms, risk factors, clinical and echocardiographic features, and strategies to minimize RV pacing-induced cardiac dysfunction are discussed in light of the latest data. Studies on biventricular (Bi-V) pacing upgrade in patients who develop RV PiCM, use of alternate RV pacing sites, de novo Bi-V pacing, and physiologic pacing using HIS bundle pacing (HBP) and left bundle area (LBBA) pacing in patients with an anticipated high RV pacing burden are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTrends in cardiovascular medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrioventricular block
  • Dual-chamber pacemaker
  • Heart failure
  • Pacing-induced cardiomyopathy
  • Right ventricular pacing
  • Sick sinus syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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