Advances in diagnostic imaging of the female genital tract facilitate characterization of many pelvic masses. Preoperative assessment of gynecologic malignant-tumors provides information that may alter the surgical approach or timing of radiation therapy. Image-guided biopsy accurately confirms recurrent malignant lesions. Transcervical techniques have improved diagnostic assessment of infertile couples; thus, effective and inexpensive treatment options can be offered. Postoperative complications of gynecologic procedures can be detected with imaging, and many can be treated with image-guided techniques.
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