Adult patients with supratentorial pilocytic astrocytomas: A prospective multicenter clinical trial

Paul D. Brown, Jan C. Buckner, Judith R. O'Fallon, Nancy L. Iturria, Cerise A. Brown, Brian P. O'Neill, Bernd W. Scheithauer, Robert P. Dinapoli, Robert M. Arusell, Ross A. Abrams, Walter J. Curran, Edward G. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Supratentorial pilocytic astrocytomas in adults are uncommon. A prospective clinical trial was conducted to obtain clinical and outcome data in these patients. Methods and materials Between 1986 and 1994, 20 eligible adults with supratentorial pilocytic astrocytomas were enrolled in a prospective intergroup trial of radiotherapy (RT) after biopsy (3 patients) or observation after gross (11 patients) or subtotal (6 patients) resection. Results At the time of analysis (median follow-up, 10 years), 1 patient (5%) had died and 19 patients (95%) were alive. The 5-year progression-free and overall survival rates were 95%. The cause of death in the patient who died (2.1 years after enrollment) was unknown; a radiographic examination obtained shortly before the patient's demise revealed no signs of progression. Progression in 1 patient approximately 1 month after enrollment required injection of 32P into an enlarging cyst. The patient required RT approximately 18 months later because of further progression. This patient was alive without evidence of progression 9 years after RT. No toxic effects had been recorded at the latest follow-up examinations. Conclusion With follow-up comparable or superior to that in many retrospective studies, the results of this prospective trial confirm that adults with pilocytic astrocytomas have a favorable prognosis with regard to survival and neurologic function. The vast majority of patients remained stable after gross or subtotal resection and no adjuvant therapy. RT need not be offered to adults with supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma after gross or subtotal resection; instead, close observation is recommended. Because only 3 patients received RT after biopsy, it is difficult to comment on the effect of RT on their outcome as a group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1153-1160
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2004

Keywords

  • Astrocytoma
  • Neurologic function
  • Pilocytic
  • Radiotherapy
  • Resection
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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    Brown, P. D., Buckner, J. C., O'Fallon, J. R., Iturria, N. L., Brown, C. A., O'Neill, B. P., Scheithauer, B. W., Dinapoli, R. P., Arusell, R. M., Abrams, R. A., Curran, W. J., & Shaw, E. G. (2004). Adult patients with supratentorial pilocytic astrocytomas: A prospective multicenter clinical trial. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 58(4), 1153-1160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2003.09.020