Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines

A normal value study

E. Marie Freel, Anthony W. Stanson, Geoffrey B. Thompson, Clive S. Grant, David R. Farley, Melanie L. Richards, William Francis Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Pheochromocytomas are rare, but potentially fatal, neoplasms. The diagnosis and localization of pheochromocytoma can be challenging, and recently there has been some debate regarding the role for adrenal venous sampling (AVS). The utility of AVS in this setting is hampered by a lack of normative value data for adrenal vein catecholamine concentrations and the reliability of lateralization ratios. We sought to address these concerns by analyzing AVS catecholamine concentrations from patients who did not have pheochromocytoma. Design/Setting: Eighteen patients underwent successful AVS for evaluation of cortisol-producing adrenal masses. All had normal 24-h urinary excretion of fractionated catecholamines and metanephrines. Results: There was a wide range of catecholamine concentrations in both the right (epinephrine 389-118326 pg/ml; norepinephrine 156-11193 pg/ml) and left (epinephrine 113-9327 pg/ml; norepinephrine 229-2216 pg/ml) adrenal veins. The right adrenal vein-to-left adrenal vein epinephrine gradient was as high as 83:1 (median 2.1:1; P < 0.02). Although less striking, similar findings were also seen for norepinephrine. Conclusions: This report provides a reference range for adrenal vein catecholamine concentrations in nonpheochromocytoma patients and illustrates the wide variation in epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations. Epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations are statistically significantly higher in the right vs. the left adrenal vein; in the case of epinephrine, up to an 83-fold difference was found between the right and left adrenal veins. These data highlight why AVS should not be used in the investigation of adrenal pheochromocytoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1328-1332
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Epinephrine
Catecholamines
Veins
Reference Values
Norepinephrine
Sampling
Pheochromocytoma
Metanephrine
Hydrocortisone
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Freel, E. M., Stanson, A. W., Thompson, G. B., Grant, C. S., Farley, D. R., Richards, M. L., & Young, W. F. (2010). Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines: A normal value study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95(3), 1328-1332. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-2253

Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines : A normal value study. / Freel, E. Marie; Stanson, Anthony W.; Thompson, Geoffrey B.; Grant, Clive S.; Farley, David R.; Richards, Melanie L.; Young, William Francis.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 95, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 1328-1332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Freel, EM, Stanson, AW, Thompson, GB, Grant, CS, Farley, DR, Richards, ML & Young, WF 2010, 'Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines: A normal value study', Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 1328-1332. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-2253
Freel EM, Stanson AW, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML et al. Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines: A normal value study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2010 Mar;95(3):1328-1332. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-2253
Freel, E. Marie ; Stanson, Anthony W. ; Thompson, Geoffrey B. ; Grant, Clive S. ; Farley, David R. ; Richards, Melanie L. ; Young, William Francis. / Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines : A normal value study. In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2010 ; Vol. 95, No. 3. pp. 1328-1332.
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