Background & Aims A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 10 (ADAM10) is a cell surface sheddase that regulates physiologic processes, including Notch signaling. ADAM10 is expressed in all intestinal epithelial cell types, but the requirement for ADAM10 signaling in crypt homeostasis is not well defined. Methods We analyzed intestinal tissues from mice with constitutive (Vil-Cre;Adam10f/f mice) and conditional (Vil-CreER;Adam10f/f and Leucine-rich repeat-containing GPCR5 [Lgr5]-CreER;Adam10f/f mice) deletion of ADAM10. We performed cell lineage-tracing experiments in mice that expressed a gain-of-function allele of Notch in the intestine (Rosa26NICD), or mice with intestine-specific disruption of Notch (Rosa26DN-MAML), to examine the effects of ADAM10 deletion on cell fate specification and intestinal stem cell maintenance. Results Loss of ADAM10 from developing and adult intestine caused lethality associated with altered intestinal morphology, reduced progenitor cell proliferation, and increased secretory cell differentiation. ADAM10 deletion led to the replacement of intestinal cell progenitors with 2 distinct, post-mitotic, secretory cell lineages: intermediate-like (Paneth/goblet) and enteroendocrine cells. Based on analysis of Rosa26NICD and Rosa26DN-MAML mice, we determined that ADAM10 controls these cell fate decisions by regulating Notch signaling. Cell lineage-tracing experiments showed that ADAM10 is required for survival of Lgr5+ crypt-based columnar cells. Our findings indicate that Notch-activated stem cells have a competitive advantage for occupation of the stem cell niche. Conclusions ADAM10 acts in a cell autonomous manner within the intestinal crypt compartment to regulate Notch signaling. This process is required for progenitor cell lineage specification and crypt-based columnar cell maintenance.
- Epithelium Development
ASJC Scopus subject areas