Acute renal failure following lung transplantation: Risk factors, mortality, and long-term consequences

Frédéric Jacques, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Annik Fortier, Simon Maltais, Louis P. Perrault, Moishe Liberman, Nicolas Noiseux, Pasquale Ferraro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Acute renal failure (ARF) frequently complicates lung transplantation. This study determined the prevalence, predictive factors, and consequences of ARF on long-term renal function and survival. Methods: One hundred and seventy-four lung transplantation recipients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of ARF defined as a 50% decrease in creatinine clearance from baseline (group I: 67 patients with ARF; group II: 107 patients without ARF). Multivariate analysis compared pre-operative, operative, and post-operative risk factors to assess predictive factors. Renal function over time was assessed by two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA).Results: ARF developed in 67 (39%) of patients. Multivariate analysis identified aprotinin (OR 2.20 (1.11; 4.36), p = 0.02) and double lung transplantation (OR 2.61 (1.32; 5.15), p = 0.006) as risk factors for post-operative renal failure. At 5 years following transplant, creatinine clearance was similar between the two groups (group I CrCl: 73 ml s-1; group II CrCl: 53 ml s-1; p = 0.54). Survival at 5 years was the same in the two groups. Multivariate analysis associated age at the time of transplantation (HR 1.030 (1.004; 1.057), p = 0.02) and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (HR 1.029 (1.008; 1.051), p = 0.007) with decreased survival.Conclusions: The use of aprotinin and double lung transplantation are associated with ARF following lung transplantation. Age at the time of transplantation and a longer intensive care stay predict decreased survival. ARF after lung transplantation is not predictive of late renal dysfunction or decreased long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Aprotinin
  • Lung transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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