Acute Pancreatitis in Patients with a History of Bariatric Surgery: Is It Less Severe?

Paul Thomas Kröner, C. Roberto Simons-Linares, Alex M. Kesler, Peter Abader, Mohammad Afsh, Juan Corral, John Rodriguez, John J. Vargo, Massimo Raimondo, Prabhleen Chahal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Bariatric surgery (BSx) leads to weight loss and causes alterations in gastrointestinal and pancreatic peptides. This raises questions on acute pancreatitis (AP) occurrence and outcomes in this cohort of patients. We aim to assess mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization of AP in patients with BSx. Methods: Observational retrospective cohort study (2012–2016) with propensity score match. Patients with a principal diagnostic ICD9-10CM code for AP were included. Stratification for the coexistence of history of BSx was performed. The primary outcome was mortality. Secondary outcomes were morbidity, resource utilization, length of hospital stay (LOS), total hospital charges, and costs. Results: Out of 920,615 AP patients, 15,345 had undergone BSx. After propensity matching, 8220 patients with BSx had AP. The mortality for AP was 0.42 (p < 0.01) and for biliary AP 0.29 (< 0.04) in the history of BSx group compared to patients without BSx history. Acute kidney insufficiency (AKI), shock, ICU, multiorgan failure, ERCP, costs, charges, and LOS were all lower for patients with AP who had history of BSx. Patients with biliary AP showed even lower odds of AKI, ICU, multiorgan failure, costs, charges, and LOS, but higher odds of cholecystectomy. Conclusion: Patients with AP with history of BSx have lower mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization. This may be due to post-surgical alterations in pancreatic and gastrointestinal functions including hormonal and anatomical changes. Interestingly, patients with biliary AP and BSx had even lower odds of mortality and morbidity than patients with non-biliary AP, suggesting an added benefit with milder disease course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2325-2330
Number of pages6
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Bariatric outcomes
  • Obesity pancreatitis
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Kröner, P. T., Simons-Linares, C. R., Kesler, A. M., Abader, P., Afsh, M., Corral, J., Rodriguez, J., Vargo, J. J., Raimondo, M., & Chahal, P. (2020). Acute Pancreatitis in Patients with a History of Bariatric Surgery: Is It Less Severe? Obesity Surgery, 30(6), 2325-2330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04480-w