Acute pancreatitis

Rupjyoti Talukdar, Santhi S. Vege

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review To summarize recent data on classification systems, cause, risk factors, severity prediction, nutrition, and drug treatment of acute pancreatitis. Recent findings Comparison of the Revised Atlanta Classification and Determinant Based Classification has shown heterogeneous results. Simvastatin has a protective effect against acute pancreatitis. Young black male, alcohol, smoldering symptoms, and subsequent diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis are risk factors associated with readmissions after acute pancreatitis. A reliable clinical or laboratory marker or a scoring system to predict severity is lacking. The PYTHON trial has shown that oral feeding with on demand nasoenteric tube feeding after 72h is as good as nasoenteric tube feeding within 24h in preventing infections in predicted severe acute pancreatitis. Male sex, multiple organ failure, extent of pancreatic necrosis, and heterogeneous collection are factors associated with failure of percutaneous drainage of pancreatic collections. Summary The newly proposed classification systems of acute pancreatitis need to be evaluated more critically. New biomarkers are needed for severity prediction. Further well designed studies are required to assess the type of enteral nutritional formulations for acute pancreatitis. The optimal minimally invasive method or combination to debride the necrotic collections is evolving. There is a great need for a drug to treat the disease early on to prevent morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-379
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2015

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Readmission
  • Severity prediction
  • cause

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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