Acute myocardial infarction-cardiogenic shock in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting: A 16-year national cohort analysis of temporal trends, management and outcomes

Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Vinayak Kumar, Saarwaani Vallabhajosyula, Anna V. Subramaniam, Sri Harsha Patlolla, Dhiran Verghese, Lina Ya'Qoub, John M. Stulak, Gurpreet S. Sandhu, Abhiram Prasad, David R. Holmes, Gregory W. Barsness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There are limited data on the outcomes of acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS) in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: A retrospective cohort of AMI-CS admissions during 2000–2016 from the National Inpatient Sample was created and prior CABG status was identified. Outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality and resource utilization in the two cohorts. Temporal trends of prevalence, in-hospital mortality, and cardiac procedures were evaluated. Results: In 513,288 AMI-CS admissions, prior CABG was performed in 22,832 (4.4%). Adjusted temporal trends showed a 2-fold increase in CS in both cohorts. There was a temporal increase in coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) across both cohorts. The cohort with prior CABG was on average older, of male sex, of white race, and with higher comorbidity. The cohort with prior CABG received coronary angiography (50% vs. 75%), PCI (32% vs. 49%), right heart catheterization/pulmonary artery catheterization (15% vs. 20%), mechanical circulatory support (26% vs. 46%) less frequently compared to those without (all p < 0.001). The cohort with CABG had higher in-hospital mortality (53% vs. 37%; adjusted odds ratio 1.41 [95% confidence interval 1.36–1.46]), greater use of do not resuscitate status (13% vs. 6%), shorter lengths of hospital stay (7 ± 8 vs. 10 ± 12 days), lower hospitalization costs ($92,346 ± 139,565 vs. 138,508 ± 172,895) and fewer discharges to home (39% vs. 43%) (all p < 0.001). Conclusions: In AMI-CS, admission with prior CABG was older and had lower use of cardiac procedures and higher in-hospital mortality compared to those without prior CABG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Outcomes research
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Vallabhajosyula, S., Kumar, V., Vallabhajosyula, S., Subramaniam, A. V., Patlolla, S. H., Verghese, D., Ya'Qoub, L., Stulak, J. M., Sandhu, G. S., Prasad, A., Holmes, D. R., & Barsness, G. W. (Accepted/In press). Acute myocardial infarction-cardiogenic shock in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting: A 16-year national cohort analysis of temporal trends, management and outcomes. International Journal of Cardiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.02.033