Acute kidney injury patterns following transplantation of steatotic liver allografts

Caroline Jadlowiec, Maxwell Smith, Matthew Neville, Shennen Mao, Dina Abdelwahab, Kunam Reddy, Adyr Moss, Bashar Aqel, Timucin Taner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Steatotic grafts are increasingly being used for liver transplant (LT); however, the impact of graft steatosis on renal function has not been well described. Methods: A total of 511 allografts from Mayo Clinic Arizona and Minnesota were assessed. We evaluated post-LT acute kidney injury (AKI) patterns, perioperative variables and one-year outcomes for patients receiving moderately steatotic allografts (>30% macrovesicular steatosis, n = 40) and compared them to non-steatotic graft recipients. Results: Post-LT AKI occurred in 52.5% of steatotic graft recipients versus 16.7% in non-steatotic recipients (p < 0.001). Ten percent of steatotic graft recipients required new dialysis post-LT (p = 0.003). At five years, there were no differences for AKI vs. no AKI patient survival (HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.08–10.6, p = 0.95) or allograft survival (HR 1.73, 95% CI 0.23–13.23, p = 0.59) for those using steatotic grafts. Lipopeliosis on biopsy was common in those who developed AKI (61.0% vs. 31.6%, p = 0.04), particularly when the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) was ≥20 (88.9%; p = 0.04). Lipopeliosis was a predictor of post-LT AKI (OR 6.0, 95% CI 1.1–34.6, p = 0.04). Conclusion: One-year outcomes for moderately steatotic grafts are satisfactory; however, a higher percentage of post-LT AKI and initiation of dialysis can be expected. Presence of lipopeliosis on biopsy appears to be predictive of post-LT AKI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number954
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Allograft steatosis
  • Lipopeliosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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