This article reviews the anatomy and mechanics of pronation and supination (axial rotation) of the forearm through the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ), and the proximal radioulnar joint (PRUJ). Injuries to the bones and/or ligaments of the forearm, wrist, or elbow can result in instability, pain, and limited rotation. Acute dislocations of the DRUJ commonly occur along with a fracture to the distal radius, radial metadiaphysis, or radial head. These injuries are all caused by high-energy trauma. Outcomes are predicated on anatomic reduction and restoration of stability to the DRUJ and PRUJ with or without ligamentous repair or reconstruction.
- DRUJ dislocation
- Distal radioulnar joint
- Wrist fracture
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine