Background and Aims: EUS-guided postoperative drainage (EUS-POD) of postoperative fluid collections (POFCs) is typically delayed until a thick wall has formed to optimize safety. Thus, percutaneous drainage is the mainstay of early POFC management. The primary aim of this study was to compare technical and clinical success and adverse event (AE) rate between early (0-30 days postoperative) compared with delayed (>30 days) EUS-POD. The secondary aim was to determine predictors for clinical success and AE rate associated with early compared with delayed EUS-POD. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing EUS-POD between November 2013 and November 2018 at a single tertiary academic center. Demographic, procedural, and outcomes data were recorded. Clinical success was defined as resolution of symptoms and the fluid collection on cross-sectional imaging without recurrence after transluminal stent removal. Results: Seventy-five patients underwent EUS-POD; 42 (56%) were early, of whom 20 were acute. Sixty-three patients (84%) had undergone distal pancreatectomy. Technical success was 100%, and clinical success was achieved in 70 patients (93%) after a mean 2.2 procedures (range, 1-5). Prior percutaneous drainage had been performed in 13 patients (17.3%). Both acute and early drainage versus delayed EUS-POD demonstrated similar rates of clinical success (95% and 93% vs 94%, P = .99) and AEs (21.4% and 15% vs 30.3%, P = .43). Necrosectomy was required less often in the early versus the delayed group. No predictors of clinical success were identified. Early EUS-POD was not a predictor of AEs (P = .65). Infection and collection size >10 cm correlated with increased AE risk (P = .048 and. 007, respectively). Conclusions: Early and even acute EUS-POD of POFCs appears to be technically feasible, clinically effective, and safe. EUS-POD should be considered for definitive management of early symptomatic POFCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging