Omadacycline, vancomycin, and rifampin, as well as rifampin combination therapies, were evaluated in an experimental rat model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) osteomyelitis. All treatment groups had less MRSA recovered than salinetreated animals. The emergence of rifampin resistance was observed in 3 of 16 animals with rifampin monotherapy and none with rifampin combination therapy. After treatment, the median tibial bacterial loads were 6.04, 0.1, 4.81, and 5.24 log10 CFU/g for saline-, rifampin-, vancomycin-, and omadacycline-treated animals, respectively. Omadacycline or vancomycin administered with rifampin yielded no detectable MRSA. Omadacycline administered with rifampin deserves evaluation in humans as a potential treatment for osteomyelitis.
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases