Active proteinase inhibitors associated with human breast epithelial cells

Sandra J Gendler, Z. A. Tokes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The major glycoproteins synthesized by human breast epithelial cells have been characterized [6,8]. The most consistently observed and prominent component in supernatants of organ cultures of breast surgical specimens and of MCF-7 cells was gp 68 which has been immunologically identified as α-1-antichymotrypsin (Achy). In the present study we demonstrate that this glycoprotein can form an irreversible complex with chymotrypsin, which indicates that it is a functional inhibitor. The 14C-glucosamine-labeled gp 68 forms a stable, 88,000-dalton, enzyme-inhibitor complex with chymotrypsin. The molecule is secreted continuously for 9 days into a chemically defined, serum-free medium. In addition to the de novo synthesized inhibitor, another component is adsorbed from fetal bovine serum and subsequently released into serum-free medium. This component also forms an irreversible, 88,000-dalton complex with enzyme. The observations establish that two types of inhibitors are associated with human breast epithelial cells, one actively synthesized and the other derived from serum. Both of these molecules may have significant roles in stabilizing cell surface components and in protecting extracellular matrices from untimely degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-167
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Serum-Free Culture Media
Chymotrypsin
Glycoproteins
Breast
Peptide Hydrolases
Epithelial Cells
Molecules
Glucosamine
Enzyme Inhibitors
Organ Culture Techniques
MCF-7 Cells
Cellular Structures
Serum
Degradation
Extracellular Matrix
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Active proteinase inhibitors associated with human breast epithelial cells. / Gendler, Sandra J; Tokes, Z. A.

In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1984, p. 157-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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