Active acromegaly enhances spontaneous parathyroid hormone pulsatility

Gherardo Mazziotti, Vincenzo Cimino, Ernesto De Menis, Stefania Bonadonna, Giovanna Bugari, Laura De Marinis, Johannes D Veldhuis, Andrea Giustina

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Abstract

In healthy subjects, parathyroid hormone (PTH) is secreted in a dual fashion, with low-amplitude and high-frequency pulses superimposed on tonic secretion. These 2 components of PTH secretion seem to have different effects on target organs. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether growth hormone excess in acromegaly may modify the spontaneous pulsatility of PTH. Five male patients with newly diagnosed active acromegaly and 8 healthy subjects were evaluated by 3-minute blood sampling for 6 hours. Plasma PTH concentrations were evaluated by multiparameter deconvolution analysis. Plasma PTH release profiles were also subjected to an approximate entropy (ApEn) estimate, which provides an ensemble measure of the serial regularity or orderliness of the release process. In acromegalic patients, baseline serum PTH values were not significantly different from those measured in the healthy subjects, as well as tonic PTH secretion rate, number of bursts, fractional pulsatile PTH secretion, and ApEn ratio. Conversely, PTH pulse half-duration was significantly longer in acromegalic patients vs healthy subjects (11.8 ± 0.95 vs 6.9 ± 1.6 minutes; P = .05), whereas PTH pulse mass showed a tendency (P = .06) to be significantly greater in acromegalic patients. These preliminary data suggest that growth hormone excess may affect PTH secretory dynamics in patients with acromegaly. Potentially negative bone effects of the modifications of PTH secretory pattern in acromegaly should be investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)736-740
Number of pages5
JournalMetabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Mazziotti, G., Cimino, V., De Menis, E., Bonadonna, S., Bugari, G., De Marinis, L., Veldhuis, J. D., & Giustina, A. (2006). Active acromegaly enhances spontaneous parathyroid hormone pulsatility. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 55(6), 736-740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2006.01.009