Activation of Sp1-mediated vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor transcription requires specific interaction with protein kinase C ζ

Soumitro Pal, Kevin P. Claffey, Herbert T. Cohen, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

155 Scopus citations


The transcription factor Sp1 is ubiquitously expressed and plays a significant role in the constitutive and induced expression of a variety of mammalian genes and may even contribute to tumorigenesis. Here, we describe a novel pathway whereby Sp1 promotes the transcription of vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF), a potent angiogenic factor, by interacting directly and specifically with protein kinase C ζ (PKC ζ) isoform in renal cell carcinoma. PKC ζ binds and phosphorylates the zinc finger region of Sp1. Moreover, in the presence of the wild type von Hippel-Lindau gene product, the interaction of Sp1 with PKC ζ is inhibited, and in this manner steady state levels of Sp1 phosphorylation are decreased significantly. Co-transfection of renal cell carcinoma cells and human fibrosarcoma cells with a plasmid overexpressing PKC ζ and VPF/VEGF promoter luciferase constructs results in activation of Sp1-mediated transcription, whereas expression of a dominant-negative mutant of PKC ζ repressed this activation. Taken together, our results suggest a new pathway of cell signaling through PKC ζ and provide an insight into PKC ζ and Sp1-dependent transcriptional regulation of VPF/VEGF expression and thus tumor angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26277-26280
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number41
StatePublished - Oct 9 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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