Activation of caspase-1 by the NLRP3 inflammasome regulates the NADPH oxidase NOX2 to control phagosome function

Anna Sokolovska, Christine E. Becker, W. K.Eddie Ip, Vijay A.K. Rathinam, Matthew Brudner, Nicholas Paquette, Antoine Tanne, Sivapriya K. Vanaja, Kathryn J. Moore, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Adam Lacy-Hulbert, Lynda M. Stuart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phagocytosis is a fundamental cellular process that is pivotal for immunity as it coordinates microbial killing, innate immune activation and antigen presentation. An essential step in this process is phagosome acidification, which regulates many functions of these organelles that allow phagosomes to participate in processes that are essential to both innate and adaptive immunity. Here we report that acidification of phagosomes containing Gram-positive bacteria is regulated by the NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1. Active caspase-1 accumulates on phagosomes and acts locally to control the pH by modulating buffering by the NADPH oxidase NOX2. These data provide insight into a mechanism by which innate immune signals can modify cellular defenses and establish a new function for the NLRP3 inflammasome and caspase-1 in host defense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-553
Number of pages11
JournalNature immunology
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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