Actions of a novel synthetic natriuretic peptide on hemodynamics and ventricular function in the dog

John G. Lainchbury, Ondrej Lisy, John C. Burnett, Donna M. Meyer, Margaret M. Redfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) is a recently discovered peptide with structural similarity to known natriuretic peptides. DNP has been shown to possess potent renal actions. Our objectives were to define the acute hemodynamic actions of DNP in normal anesthetized dogs and the acute effects of DNP on left ventricular (LV) function in conscious chronically instrumented dogs. In anesthetized dogs, DNP, but not placebo, decreased mean arterial pressure (141 ± 6 to 109 ± 7 mmHg, P < 0.05) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (5.8 ± 0.3 to 3.4 ± 0.2 mmHg, P < 0.05). Cardiac output decreased and systemic vascular resistance increased with DNP and placebo. DNP-like immunoreactivity and guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate concentration increased without changes in other natriuretic peptides. In conscious dogs, DNP decreased LV end-systolic pressure (120 ± 7 to 102 ± 6 mmHg, P < 0.05) and volume (32 ± 6 to 28 ± 6 ml, P < 0.05) and LV end-diastolic volume (38 ± 5 to 31 ± 4 ml, P < 0.05) but not arterial elastance. LV end-systolic elastance increased (6.1 ± 0.7 to 7.4 ± 0.6 mmHg/ml, P < 0.05), and Tau decreased (31 ± 2 to 27 ± 1 ms, P < 0.05). The effects on hemodynamics, LV function, and second messenger generation suggest synthetic DNP may have a role as a cardiac unloading and lusitropic peptide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R993-R998
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume282
Issue number4 51-4
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Diastolic function
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Systolic function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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