Acquired pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) can be associated with lymphoproliferative disease of granular T lymphocytes (T-LDGL), also known as T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia. Fifteen adult patients with PRCA associated with T-LDGL comprise this study. Neutropenia and rheumatoid arthritis were uncommon. All patients responded to immunosuppressive therapy. The 2 most commonly used treatments were prednisone and cyclophosphamide ± corticosteroids, producing overall response rates of 50% and 60%, respectively. Treatment with cyclophosphamide was associated with a more durable remission (median, 60 versus 7.5 months). After a median follow-up of 67 months, 2 patients died of treatmentrelated complications, one from myelodysplasia and another from cyclosporine-induced renal failure. The clinical course and treatment responses of PRCA associated with T-LDGL in this series were similar to the general group of PRCA. Because T-LDGL is frequently underdiagnosed, it is likely that a significant proportion of idiopathic or primary PRCA is in fact secondary to T-LDGL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology