Accuracy of specimen-specific nonlinear finite element analysis for evaluation of radial diaphysis strength in cadaver material

Yusuke Matsuura, Kazuki Kuniyoshi, Takane Suzuki, Yasufumi Ogawa, Koji Sukegawa, Tomoyuki Rokkaku, Andrew Ryan Thoreson, Kai Nan An, Kazuhisa Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The feasibility of a user-specific finite element model for predicting the in situ strength of the radius after implantation of bone plates for open fracture reduction was established. The effect of metal artifact in CT imaging was characterized. The results were verified against biomechanical test data. Fourteen cadaveric radii were divided into two groups: (1) intact radii for evaluating the accuracy of radial diaphysis strength predictions with finite element analysis and (2) radii with a locking plate affixed for evaluating metal artifact. All bones were imaged with CT. In the plated group, radii were first imaged with the plates affixed (for simulating digital plate removal). They were then subsequently imaged with the locking plates and screws removed (actual plate removal). Fracture strength of the radius diaphysis under axial compression was predicted with a three-dimensional, specimen-specific, nonlinear finite element analysis for both the intact and plated bones (bones with and without the plate captured in the scan). Specimens were then loaded to failure using a universal testing machine to verify the actual fracture load. In the intact group, the physical and predicted fracture loads were strongly correlated. For radii with plates affixed, the physical and predicted (simulated plate removal and actual plate removal) fracture loads were strongly correlated. This study demonstrates that our specimen-specific finite element analysis can accurately predict the strength of the radial diaphysis. The metal artifact from CT imaging was shown to produce an overestimate of strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1811-1817
Number of pages7
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volume18
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2015

Keywords

  • bone strength
  • finite element model
  • forearm fracture
  • metal artifact

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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