Accuracy of electronic medical record medication reconciliation in emergency department patients

Andrew A. Monte, Peter Anderson, Jason A. Hoppe, Richard M. Weinshilboum, Vasilis Vasiliou, Kennon J. Heard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Medication history discrepancies have the potential to cause significant adverse clinical effects for patients. More than 40% of medication errors can be traced to inadequate reconciliation. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of electronic medical record (EMR)-reconciled medication lists obtained in an academic emergency department (ED). Methods Comprehensive research medication ingestion histories for the 48 h preceding ED visit were performed and compared to reconciled EMR medication lists in a convenience sample of ED patients. The reconciled EMR list of prescription, nonprescription, vitamins, herbals, and supplement medications were compared against a structured research medication history tool. We measured the accuracy of the reconciled EMR list vs. the research history for all classes of medications as the primary outcome. Results Five hundred and two subjects were enrolled. The overall accuracy of EMR-recorded ingestion histories in the preceding 48 h was poor. The EMR was accurate in only 21.9% of cases. Neither age ≥ 65 years (odds ratio [OR] = 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.6-2.6) nor sex (female vs. male: OR = 1.5; 95% CI 0.9-2.5) were predictors of accurate EMR history. In the inaccurate EMRs, prescription lists were more likely to include medications that the subject did not report using (78.9%), while the EMR was more likely not to capture nonprescriptions (76.1%), vitamins (73.0%), supplements (67.3%), and herbals (89.1%) that the subject reported using. Conclusions Medication ingestion histories procured through triage EMR reconciliation are often inaccurate, and additional strategies are needed to obtain an accurate list.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • electronic medical record
  • emergency department medications
  • medication history
  • medication reconciliation
  • reconciliation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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