Abnormal meal carbohydrate disposition in insulin-dependent diabetes. Relative contributions of endogenous glucose production and initial splanchnic uptake and effect of intensive insulin therapy

G. Pehling, P. Tessari, J. E. Gerich, M. W. Haymond, F. J. Service, R. A. Rizza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Postprandial hyperglycemia in insulin-deficient, insulin-dependent diabetic subjects may result from impaired suppression of endogenous glucose production and/or abnormal disposition of meal-derived glucose. To investigate the relative contributions of these processes and to determine whether 2 wk of near normoglycemia achieved by using intensive insulin therapy could restore the pattern of glucose disposal to normal, meal-related and endogenous rates of glucose appearance were measured isotopically after ingestion of a mixed meal that contained deuterated glucose in seven lean insulin-dependent and five lean nondiabetic subjects. Diabetic subjects were studied once when insulin deficient and again during intensive insulin therapy after 2 wk of near normoglycemia. Total glucose production was determined by using tritiated glucose and the contribution of meal-related glucose was determined by using the plasma enrichment of deuterated glucose. The elevated basal and peak postprandial plasma glucose concentrations (252 ± 33 and 452 ± 31 mg/dl) of diabetic subjects when insulin deficient were decreased by intensive insulin therapy to values (82 ± 6 and 193 ± 10 mg/dl, P < 0.01) that approximated those of nondiabetic subjects (93 ± 3 and 140 ± 15 mg/dl, respectively). Total and endogenous rates of glucose appearance (3,091 ± 523 and 1,814 ± 474 mg/kg per 8 h) in the diabetic subjects were significantly (P < 0.02) greater than those in nondiabetic subjects (1,718 ± 34 and 620 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h, respectively), whereas meal-derived rates of glucose appearance did not differ. Intensive insulin therapy decreased (P < 0.01) both total (1,581 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h) and endogenous (478 ± 67 mg/kg per 8 h) glucose appearances to rates that approximated those observed in the nondiabetic subjects, but did not alter meal-related glucose appearance. Thus, excessive entry of glucose into the peripheral circulation in insulin-deficient diabetic patients after ingestion of a mixed meal resulted from a lack of appropriate suppression of endogenous glucose production rather than impairment of initial splanchnic glucose uptake. Intensive insulin therapy restored postprandial suppression of endogenous glucose production to rates observed in nondiabetic subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)985-991
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume74
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Viscera
Meals
Carbohydrates
Insulin
Glucose
Therapeutics
Eating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Abnormal meal carbohydrate disposition in insulin-dependent diabetes. Relative contributions of endogenous glucose production and initial splanchnic uptake and effect of intensive insulin therapy. / Pehling, G.; Tessari, P.; Gerich, J. E.; Haymond, M. W.; Service, F. J.; Rizza, R. A.

In: Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 74, No. 3, 1984, p. 985-991.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{13979ea97ebf44bf8f10541d50e9d020,
title = "Abnormal meal carbohydrate disposition in insulin-dependent diabetes. Relative contributions of endogenous glucose production and initial splanchnic uptake and effect of intensive insulin therapy",
abstract = "Postprandial hyperglycemia in insulin-deficient, insulin-dependent diabetic subjects may result from impaired suppression of endogenous glucose production and/or abnormal disposition of meal-derived glucose. To investigate the relative contributions of these processes and to determine whether 2 wk of near normoglycemia achieved by using intensive insulin therapy could restore the pattern of glucose disposal to normal, meal-related and endogenous rates of glucose appearance were measured isotopically after ingestion of a mixed meal that contained deuterated glucose in seven lean insulin-dependent and five lean nondiabetic subjects. Diabetic subjects were studied once when insulin deficient and again during intensive insulin therapy after 2 wk of near normoglycemia. Total glucose production was determined by using tritiated glucose and the contribution of meal-related glucose was determined by using the plasma enrichment of deuterated glucose. The elevated basal and peak postprandial plasma glucose concentrations (252 ± 33 and 452 ± 31 mg/dl) of diabetic subjects when insulin deficient were decreased by intensive insulin therapy to values (82 ± 6 and 193 ± 10 mg/dl, P < 0.01) that approximated those of nondiabetic subjects (93 ± 3 and 140 ± 15 mg/dl, respectively). Total and endogenous rates of glucose appearance (3,091 ± 523 and 1,814 ± 474 mg/kg per 8 h) in the diabetic subjects were significantly (P < 0.02) greater than those in nondiabetic subjects (1,718 ± 34 and 620 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h, respectively), whereas meal-derived rates of glucose appearance did not differ. Intensive insulin therapy decreased (P < 0.01) both total (1,581 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h) and endogenous (478 ± 67 mg/kg per 8 h) glucose appearances to rates that approximated those observed in the nondiabetic subjects, but did not alter meal-related glucose appearance. Thus, excessive entry of glucose into the peripheral circulation in insulin-deficient diabetic patients after ingestion of a mixed meal resulted from a lack of appropriate suppression of endogenous glucose production rather than impairment of initial splanchnic glucose uptake. Intensive insulin therapy restored postprandial suppression of endogenous glucose production to rates observed in nondiabetic subjects.",
author = "G. Pehling and P. Tessari and Gerich, {J. E.} and Haymond, {M. W.} and Service, {F. J.} and Rizza, {R. A.}",
year = "1984",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "74",
pages = "985--991",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Investigation",
issn = "0021-9738",
publisher = "The American Society for Clinical Investigation",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abnormal meal carbohydrate disposition in insulin-dependent diabetes. Relative contributions of endogenous glucose production and initial splanchnic uptake and effect of intensive insulin therapy

AU - Pehling, G.

AU - Tessari, P.

AU - Gerich, J. E.

AU - Haymond, M. W.

AU - Service, F. J.

AU - Rizza, R. A.

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - Postprandial hyperglycemia in insulin-deficient, insulin-dependent diabetic subjects may result from impaired suppression of endogenous glucose production and/or abnormal disposition of meal-derived glucose. To investigate the relative contributions of these processes and to determine whether 2 wk of near normoglycemia achieved by using intensive insulin therapy could restore the pattern of glucose disposal to normal, meal-related and endogenous rates of glucose appearance were measured isotopically after ingestion of a mixed meal that contained deuterated glucose in seven lean insulin-dependent and five lean nondiabetic subjects. Diabetic subjects were studied once when insulin deficient and again during intensive insulin therapy after 2 wk of near normoglycemia. Total glucose production was determined by using tritiated glucose and the contribution of meal-related glucose was determined by using the plasma enrichment of deuterated glucose. The elevated basal and peak postprandial plasma glucose concentrations (252 ± 33 and 452 ± 31 mg/dl) of diabetic subjects when insulin deficient were decreased by intensive insulin therapy to values (82 ± 6 and 193 ± 10 mg/dl, P < 0.01) that approximated those of nondiabetic subjects (93 ± 3 and 140 ± 15 mg/dl, respectively). Total and endogenous rates of glucose appearance (3,091 ± 523 and 1,814 ± 474 mg/kg per 8 h) in the diabetic subjects were significantly (P < 0.02) greater than those in nondiabetic subjects (1,718 ± 34 and 620 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h, respectively), whereas meal-derived rates of glucose appearance did not differ. Intensive insulin therapy decreased (P < 0.01) both total (1,581 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h) and endogenous (478 ± 67 mg/kg per 8 h) glucose appearances to rates that approximated those observed in the nondiabetic subjects, but did not alter meal-related glucose appearance. Thus, excessive entry of glucose into the peripheral circulation in insulin-deficient diabetic patients after ingestion of a mixed meal resulted from a lack of appropriate suppression of endogenous glucose production rather than impairment of initial splanchnic glucose uptake. Intensive insulin therapy restored postprandial suppression of endogenous glucose production to rates observed in nondiabetic subjects.

AB - Postprandial hyperglycemia in insulin-deficient, insulin-dependent diabetic subjects may result from impaired suppression of endogenous glucose production and/or abnormal disposition of meal-derived glucose. To investigate the relative contributions of these processes and to determine whether 2 wk of near normoglycemia achieved by using intensive insulin therapy could restore the pattern of glucose disposal to normal, meal-related and endogenous rates of glucose appearance were measured isotopically after ingestion of a mixed meal that contained deuterated glucose in seven lean insulin-dependent and five lean nondiabetic subjects. Diabetic subjects were studied once when insulin deficient and again during intensive insulin therapy after 2 wk of near normoglycemia. Total glucose production was determined by using tritiated glucose and the contribution of meal-related glucose was determined by using the plasma enrichment of deuterated glucose. The elevated basal and peak postprandial plasma glucose concentrations (252 ± 33 and 452 ± 31 mg/dl) of diabetic subjects when insulin deficient were decreased by intensive insulin therapy to values (82 ± 6 and 193 ± 10 mg/dl, P < 0.01) that approximated those of nondiabetic subjects (93 ± 3 and 140 ± 15 mg/dl, respectively). Total and endogenous rates of glucose appearance (3,091 ± 523 and 1,814 ± 474 mg/kg per 8 h) in the diabetic subjects were significantly (P < 0.02) greater than those in nondiabetic subjects (1,718 ± 34 and 620 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h, respectively), whereas meal-derived rates of glucose appearance did not differ. Intensive insulin therapy decreased (P < 0.01) both total (1,581 ± 98 mg/kg per 8 h) and endogenous (478 ± 67 mg/kg per 8 h) glucose appearances to rates that approximated those observed in the nondiabetic subjects, but did not alter meal-related glucose appearance. Thus, excessive entry of glucose into the peripheral circulation in insulin-deficient diabetic patients after ingestion of a mixed meal resulted from a lack of appropriate suppression of endogenous glucose production rather than impairment of initial splanchnic glucose uptake. Intensive insulin therapy restored postprandial suppression of endogenous glucose production to rates observed in nondiabetic subjects.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021203072&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021203072&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6381541

AN - SCOPUS:0021203072

VL - 74

SP - 985

EP - 991

JO - Journal of Clinical Investigation

JF - Journal of Clinical Investigation

SN - 0021-9738

IS - 3

ER -