Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities and molecular forms, as separated by density gradient centrifugation, were studied in dystrophic and clinically normal mouse muscle. Dystrophic hemidiaphragms exhibited normal AChE activity, but there was little or no 10 S enzyme, a form that constitutes 27% of control tissue AChE. The 10 S-AChE abnormality was similarly present in dystrophic extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle, but this muscle exhibited significantly reduced AChE activity. The EDL muscles also had reduced 16 S-AChE but normal 4 S enzyme activity. Chronic denervation of EDL muscles resulted in proportionally similar reductions of weight, total AChE, and 16 S enzyme in dystrophic and control muscles. We conclude that murine dystrophy involves some alterations that resemble denervation, but that there are major qualitative and quantitative differences in AChE that cannot be explained by a denervation-like effect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience