Aberrant lipid metabolism as a therapeutic target in liver cancer

Evans D. Pope, Erinmarie O. Kimbrough, Lalitha Padmanabha Vemireddy, Phani Keerthi Surapaneni, John A III Copland, Kabir Mody

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and lethal cancers. Progress has been made in treatment of HCC; however, improved outcomes are much needed. The increased metabolic needs of cancer cells underscore the importance of metabolic pathways in cancer cell survival. Lipid metabolism has a role in HCC development; aberrant overexpression of several key enzymes is seen in many solid human tumors. Areas covered: We discuss aberrant lipid metabolism and the promise of multiple targets, in particular related to HCC treatment. We searched PubMed and clinicaltrials.gov for published and unpublished studies from 2000 to 2019. These terms were used: lipids, fatty acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, liver cancer, HCC, de novo fatty acid synthesis, ATP citrate lyase, stearoyl CoA denaturase, fatty acid synthase, acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase, CD147, KLF4, monoglyceride lipase, AMP activated protein kinase. Expert opinion: The importance of dysregulation of fatty acid synthesis in cancer is a growing area of research. HCC demonstrates significant alteration in lipid metabolism, representing great potential as a target for novel therapeutics. Various agents have demonstrated promising anti-neoplastic activity. This strategy deserves further development for improved outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-483
Number of pages11
JournalExpert opinion on therapeutic targets
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2019

Keywords

  • Fatty acid
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • lipid metabolism
  • lipids
  • liver cancer
  • SCD1
  • stearoyl co-A desaturase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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