Aberrant expression of laminin-332 promotes cell proliferation and cyst growth in ARPKD

Soundarapandian Vijayakumar, Suparna Dang, M. Peter Marinkovich, Zelmira Lazarova, Bradley Yoder, Vicente Torres, Darren P. Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Basement membrane abnormalities have often been observed in kidney cysts of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patients and animal models. There is an abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix molecules, including laminin-α3, β3, γ2 (laminin-332), in human autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD). Knockdown of PKD1 paralogs in zebrafish leads to dysregulated synthesis of the extracellular matrix, suggesting that altered basement membrane assembly may be a primary defect in ADPKD. In this study, we demonstrate that laminin-332 is aberrantly expressed in cysts and precystic tubules of human autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD) kidneys as well as in the kidneys of PCK rats, an orthologous ARPKD model. There was aberrant expression of laminin-γ2 as early as postnatal day 2 and elevated laminin-332 protein in postnatal day 30, coinciding with the formation and early growth of renal cysts in PCK rat kidneys. We also show that a kidney cell line derived from Oak Ridge polycystic kidney mice, another model of ARPKD, exhibited abnormal lumen-deficient and multilumen structures in Matrigel culture. These cells had increased proliferation rates and altered expression levels of laminin-332 compared with their rescued counterparts. A function-blocking polyclonal antibody to laminin-332 significantly inhibited their abnormal proliferation rates and rescued their aberrant phenotype in Matrigel culture. Furthermore, abnormal laminin-332 expression in cysts originating from collecting ducts and proximal tubules as well as in precystic tubules was observed in a human end-stage ADPKD kidney. Our results suggest that abnormal expression of laminin-332 contributes to the aberrant proliferation of cyst epithelial cells and cyst growth in genetic forms of PKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume306
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2014

Fingerprint

Laminin
Cysts
Cell Proliferation
Kidney
Growth
Polycystic Kidney Diseases
Basement Membrane
Extracellular Matrix
Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney
Blocking Antibodies
Zebrafish
Animal Models
Epithelial Cells
Phenotype
Cell Line

Keywords

  • Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
  • Cystogenesis
  • Laminin-332
  • Polycystic kidney disease rat
  • Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Aberrant expression of laminin-332 promotes cell proliferation and cyst growth in ARPKD. / Vijayakumar, Soundarapandian; Dang, Suparna; Marinkovich, M. Peter; Lazarova, Zelmira; Yoder, Bradley; Torres, Vicente; Wallace, Darren P.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, Vol. 306, No. 6, 15.03.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vijayakumar, Soundarapandian ; Dang, Suparna ; Marinkovich, M. Peter ; Lazarova, Zelmira ; Yoder, Bradley ; Torres, Vicente ; Wallace, Darren P. / Aberrant expression of laminin-332 promotes cell proliferation and cyst growth in ARPKD. In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 2014 ; Vol. 306, No. 6.
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AU - Yoder, Bradley

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