ABCL-088 Subgroup Analysis in RE-MIND2: An Observational, Retrospective Cohort Study of Tafasitamab + Lenalidomide Versus Systemic Therapies in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Grzegorz Nowakowski, Dok Hyun Yoon, Erel Joffe, Pier Luigi Zinzani, Lorenzo Sabatelli, Eva E. Waltl, Carmelita G. Alvero, Georg Hess, Peter Riedell, Kibum Kim, Diana Brixner, Gilles Salles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tafasitamab+lenalidomide (LEN), a chemo-free immunotherapy for relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), demonstrated efficacy in autologous stem cell transplant–ineligible patients in the single-arm L-MIND study (NCT02399085). RE-MIND2 (NCT04697160), an observational, retrospective cohort study, compared patient outcomes from L-MIND with matched patient cohorts treated with other systemic therapies. Prolonged overall survival (OS) with tafasitamab+LEN was detected compared to a cohort of pooled systemic therapies (PST), bendamustine+rituximab (BR), rituximab+gemcitabine+oxaliplatin, polatuzumab vedotin+BR (pola-BR), and rituximab+LEN (R2). Comparable OS was detected versus CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapies (CAR-T). However, limited information is available on the comparative effectiveness of tafasitamab+LEN in specific subpopulations. This study aimed to determine the relative effectiveness of tafasitamab+LEN versus other treatments for R/R DLBCL in clinically relevant patient subgroups in the absence of head-to-head trials. The L-MIND cohort was matched with RE-MIND2 patients using estimated propensity score-based 1:1 nearest neighbor matching balanced for a minimum of six covariates. Sensitivity analyses were conducted. The study was conducted at academic, public, and private hospitals in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific region. Patients were ≥18 years old with histologically confirmed DLBCL and ≥2 prior systemic therapies for DLBCL, including ≥1 anti-CD20 therapy. Data are presented for tafasitamab+LEN versus PST, versus pola-BR, versus R2, and versus CAR-T. Hypothesis-generating analyses were conducted for patient subgroups of number of extranodal sites (ENS) (0–1 vs. ≥2) and elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (yes vs. no). The primary endpoint was OS. Of 3,454 patients enrolled, 961, 106, 106, and 149 were treated with PST, pola-BR, R2, and CAR-T, resulting in 76, 24, 33, and 37 matched pairs for patients receiving tafasitamab+LEN, respectively. Hazard ratios for OS for patients with ≥2 ENS were 0.803, 0.524, 0.478, and 1.459, and for patients with elevated LDH were 0.627, 0.585, 0.420, and 1.663, for comparisons of tafasitamab+LEN versus PST, pola-BR, R2, and CAR-T, respectively. There was a trend towards favoring tafasitamab+LEN in most patient subgroups. The combination may be associated with improved OS versus selected systemic therapies for certain patients with high-risk disease. These analyses are not powered for statistical comparison and should be interpreted with caution. Funding: MorphoSys AG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S359
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • ABCL
  • DLBCL
  • lenalidomide
  • RE-MIND2
  • real-world evidence
  • tafasitamab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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